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平负同赔利发国际88

《装卸时间与滞期费》第6版

CHAPTER 3 第3章

Commencement of laytime 装卸时间的起算

3.389 A more recent consideration is Carga del Sur Compania Naviera SA v. Ross T Smyth & Co Ltd (The Seafort), a decision of McNair J. Here the Seafort was chartered for the carriage of grain from Vancouver to London and Hull under a Baltimore berth grain charter. Under clause 9, ‘‘Time at second port to count from arrival of vessel at second port, whether in berth or not’’, Hull was the second port and it was usual for vessels of the Seafort’s size to wait for a berth to become available at Spurn Head Anchorage, some 22 miles from the port. The anchorage was outside the legal, administrative and fiscal limits of Hull. Rejecting the owners’ claim that time started to run at Spurn Head, McNair J said:

By using the words ‘‘arrival... at second port’’ in this charterparty the parties must, I think, be presumed to have intended that the normal conditions which determine whether a ship has ‘‘arrived’’ at or in a port should apply.

In my judgment, the true effect of the last sentence of clause 9 is to provide that time which has started to run at the first discharge port shall start to run again after the passage between the first and second discharging ports has been completed by arrival at the second discharging port...

3.389一个比较近的审议是Carga del Sur Compania Naviera SA v. Ross T Smyth & Co Ltd (The Seafort)案,由McNair法官审判的。该案中,Seafort轮以波罗的海泊位谷物租船合同由温哥华往伦敦和赫尔港运输谷物。根据合同第9条款的规定,‘不论靠泊与否,在第二港的装卸时间从抵达时起算。’赫尔港即为第二港,通常,像Seafort轮这种大小的船舶都要在距该港22海里远的Spurn Head锚地等泊,该锚地在赫尔港的法定、行政和财政管辖范围之外。McNair法官驳回了船东主张从抵达Spurn Head就开始计算装卸时间的要求,说:

该租船合同之所以使用‘抵达……第二港’这些词语,我认为,必定能推测到双方当事人已经打算适用正常的条件来判定船东是否‘抵达’118黑白图库或者是港内。

依我判断,第9条款的最后一句话的实际作用是规定:从第一卸港起算的装卸时间经过了从第一港到第二港的航程,从抵达第二卸港开始再接着计算下去……

3.390 The meaning of the phrase was also considered by the Court of Appeal in The Johanna Oldendorff on that case’s way to the House of Lords.

3.390有关这一短语的含义在上诉法院,以及后来的上议院审理的The Johanna Oldendorff案件中也做了解释。

3.391 Having reviewed the authorities, Roskill LJ concluded:

. . . upon the true construction of this phrase its application is, and the phrase has for 50 years always been regarded as, limited to a case where the ship is already an arrived ship and that its use does not dispense with the necessity for the ship being an arrived ship before Notice of Readiness can be given and time start to count. Only when the ship has arrived does the clause operate to make laytime commence even though the vessel is not in berth.

He also pointed out that in that case the same result would have followed even though the phrase had not been used, since it was a port charter.

3.391在回顾了先例之后,Roskill大法官总结说:

……基于该短语本身的解释以及50多年来经常被看作是,它适用范围仅限于船舶已经成为抵达船的情况。但它的作用并不能免除船舶在能够递交准备就绪通知书并起算装卸时间之前成为抵达船这一必要的条件。只有当船舶已经抵达时,该条款才起作用并使装卸时间起算,尽管船舶还未靠泊也是如此。

他接着又指出,在该案,即使未使用该短语,也应该得出了类似的结论,因为它是一个118黑白图库租船合同。

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魏船长自2000年开始,有16年海上船舶2018香港马会资料大全经验,先后在7条远洋货轮担任船长,凭借丰富的2018香港马会资料大全实践经验,魏船长非常熟悉船舶的运营操作,在船舶操纵、货物装载与管理等方面有着丰富的实践经验。 近年来致力海商法的翻译工作,包括“劳氏法律文库”推荐,Informa出版的Bills of Lading(提单)、Time Charter(期租合同)、Marine Letter of Indemnify(海运保函)等书籍,和他人合作翻译《船舶建造》。 专业著作:中英文版《船舶买卖》第六版、《装卸时间与滞期费》

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